October 2019 Sky Chart

 

Observing Tips

If possible, observe at a dark location and when the Moon is not bright. A bright Moon will make it more difficult to see the stars and impossible to see clusters, nebulae and galaxies. Only a small telescope at lower magnifications, around 50x, is required to see the objects listed below. The planets and Moon are best observed with a telescope around 100x.

Moon Phases

  First Quarter Saturday, October 5,
  Full Moon Sunday, October 13,
  Last Quarter Monday, October 21,
  New Moon Sunday, October 27,

October Notes

The bright stars Deneb, Vega and Altair form the Summer Triangle. CYGNUS is usually referred to as the Northern Cross because of its shape. Albireo, the bottom star in the cross is a beautiful blue/gold double star but you need a telescope to see it.

If you are under a dark sky, you will easily see a dark lane in the Milky Way Band passing through the Northern Cross that is known as the Great Rift. If you have binoculars, observe some of the binocular objects indicated below and/or use it to explore the Milky Way Band and its many clumps of stars.

Objects marked with  are best with binoculars, or a small telescope, because these objects are large in size.

Clusters, Nebulae & Galaxies

 Alpha Persei Cluster. Distance: 600 ly. Mag 1.2, 30 stars.

 Andromeda Galaxy. Companion to our Milky Way Galaxy. Distance: 2,400,000 ly, Mag 3.5.

 Coat hanger Cluster. Ten stars that form the shape of a single wire coat hanger. In VULPECULA.

Double Cluster. Two side-by-side clusters. Distances: 7,200 ly, Mag 3.5 , 320 stars total. Best in a telescope.

 IC4665. A cluster of 30 stars that is best in binoculars. It spans an area larger than the Moon. In OPHIUCHUS.

M15. Globular Cluster. Distance: 34,000 ly, Mag 6.2.

M11. Wild Duck Cluster. Distance: 5,600 ly, Mag 5.8, 200 stars.

M13. Favourite Globular Cluster. Distance: 21,000 ly, Mag 5.8.

M34. Large Cluster. Distance: 1,400 ly, Mag 5.2, Try with binoculars, too.

M57. Ring Nebula. Planetary Nebula that looks like a smoke ring. Smaller than what you might think. Estimated to be 1 ly in diameter and 2,000 ly away. Mag 9.

Meteor Showers 2019 Sky Chart

DRACONIDS. Peaks around October 8 with 5 meteors/hour.

ORIONIDS. Peaks around October 21 with 20 meteors/hour.