November 2019 Sky Chart

 

November Notes

The Summer constellations still linger in the west but will retire soon for the winter. The bright stars Deneb, Vega and Altair form the Summer Triangle. Cygnus, the Northern Cross, has, as its bottom end, the beautiful blue/gold double star, Albireo that is visible with a telescope.

More eastward is Pegasus and its Great Square with the Andromeda Galaxy close by. On the eastern horizon is the red star, Aldebaran, an eye of the Bull. Above it is the Pleiades or Seven Sisters, always a favourite.

Observing Tips

If possible, observe at a dark location and when the Moon is not bright. A bright Moon will make it more difficult to see the stars and impossible to see clusters, nebulae and galaxies. Only a small telescope at lower magnifications, around 50x, is required to see the objects listed below. The planets and Moon are best observed with a telescope around 100x.

Moon Phases

  First Quarter Monday November 4
  Full Moon Tuesday November 12
  Last Quarter Tuesday November 19
  New Moon Tuesday November 26

Objects marked with  are best with binoculars, or a small telescope, because these objects are large in size.

Clusters, Nebulae & Galaxies

Alpha Persei Cluster. Distance: 600, Mag 1.2, 30 stars.

Andromeda Galaxy. Companion to our Milky Way Galaxy. Distance: 2,400,000 ly, Mag 3.5

Double Cluster. Two side-by-side clusters. Distances: 7,200 ly, Mag 3.5, 320 stars total. Best in a telescope.

Pleiades. AKA, the “Seven Sisters.” Excellent naked eye object. Distance: 395 ly, Mag 1.45, an excellent binocular object

Caldwell 65 (C65) The Sculptor Galaxy, also known as the Silver Coin or Silver Dollar Galaxy, NGC 253, Distance 11.4 million ly, Mag 8

NGC 288 Distance 30,000 ly, Mag 9.37, best in a medium telescope.

Messier 33 Triangulum Galaxy, Distance 2.73 million ly, Mag 5.72, Worth trying for with binoculars

Messier 30: The Jellyfish cluster, Distance 27,000 ly, Mag 7.7, possible with binoculars under a good dark sky, best with a medium power telescope.

Messier 44: The beehive cluster, Distance 577 ly, Mag 3.7, a good naked eye object, excellent with binoculars.

Meteor Showers

 Southern TAURIDS. Peaks around November 5 with 5 meteors/hour.

Northern TAURIDS. Peaks around November 13 with 5 meteors/hour.

LEONIDS. Peaks around November 17 with 10 meteors/hour.