Messier 1, the Crab Nebula is a supernova remnant and pulsar wind nebula in the constellation of Taurus.
Corresponding to a bright supernova recorded by Chinese astronomers in 1054, the nebula was observed later by English astronomer John Bevis in 1731. The nebula was the first astronomical object identified with a historical supernova explosion.
With an apparent magnitude of 8.4, it is not visible to the naked eye but can be made out using binoculars under favourable conditions. The nebula lies in the Perseus Arm of the Milky Way galaxy, at a distance of about 6,500 ly from Earth.
At the centre of the nebula lies the Crab Pulsar, a neutron star 17-19 miles across with a spin rate of 30.2 times per second.
To find the Crab Nebula, start with the Pleiades, then come down to Aldebarran in Taurus, trace a line left to the magnitude 2.95 star that is the tip of the lower horn of the bull, M1 is just above this star.
In the southern constellation of Capricornus we will find Messier 30. Messier 30 is a globular cluster of stars in the southern constellation of Capricornus. It was discovered by the French astronomer Charles Messier in 1764, who described it as a circular nebula without a star. In the New General Catalogue, compiled during the 1880s, it was described as a “remarkable globular, bright, large, slightly oval.” This cluster can be easily viewed with a pair of 10×50 binoculars, forming a patch of hazy light some 4 arcminutes wide that is slightly elongated along the east-west axis. With a larger instrument, individual stars can be resolved and the cluster will cover an angle of up to 12 arcminutes across with a compressed core one arcminute wide.
To find M30, start by locating the small constellation of Delphinius, come down and slightly to the left to the constellation Equulus. Once you have found Equulus use the magnitude 3.9 star Kitalpha to trace a line from this star to the Magnitude 2.9 Sadalsuud in Aquarius. From Sadalsuud continue the line down to the magnitude 2.85 Deneb Algedi in Capricorn, from this star head down about half the distance between Sadalsuud and deneb algedi, you should find M30 in that area.
The Sculptor Galaxy, also known as the Silver Coin or Silver Dollar Galaxy, NGC 253, is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation Sculptor. The Sculptor Galaxy is a starburst galaxy, which means that it is currently undergoing a period of intense star formation.
At magnitude 7.1 the Sculptor Galaxy can be seen through binoculars and is near the star Beta Ceti. It is considered one of the most easily viewed galaxies in the sky after the Andromeda Galaxy. Locating the Sculptor galaxy can be a little tricky, Starting with Sadalsuud in aquarius trace a line to the left and up to the magnitude 2.95 Sadalmelik, also in Aquarius, from here we go down to the magnitude 3.2 Skat, go left for about the same distance to the mag 2 Diphda, going straight down from Diphda about the width of a fist at arms length to find the galaxy.
The Pleiades, or Seven Sisters, is an open star cluster containing middle-aged hot B-type stars located in the constellation of Taurus. It is among the nearest star clusters to Earth and is the cluster most obvious to the naked eye in the night sky. The celestial entity has several meanings in different cultures and traditions.
The cluster is dominated by hot blue and extremely luminous stars that have formed within the last 100 million years. Dust that forms a faint reflection nebulosity around the brightest stars was thought at first to be left over from the formation of the cluster, but is now known to be an unrelated dust cloud in the interstellar medium, through which the stars are currently passing.
The Pleiades is marked on the chart below. It is unmistakable in the eastern sky. It is a spectacular binocular object, the cluster can be lost in a telescope. The Hyades is the distinctive “V” shape below M45, it feature the orange star Aldebaran