October 2019 Sky Chart
If possible, observe at a dark location and when the Moon is not bright. A bright Moon will make it more difficult to see the stars and impossible to see clusters, nebulae and galaxies. Only a small telescope at lower magnifications, around 50x, is required to see the objects listed below. The planets and Moon are best observed with a telescope around 100x.
|First Quarter||Saturday, October 5,|
|Full Moon||Sunday, October 13,|
|Last Quarter||Monday, October 21,|
|New Moon||Sunday, October 27,|
The bright stars Deneb, Vega and Altair form the Summer Triangle. CYGNUS is usually referred to as the Northern Cross because of its shape. Albireo, the bottom star in the cross is a beautiful blue/gold double star but you need a telescope to see it.
If you are under a dark sky, you will easily see a dark lane in the Milky Way Band passing through the Northern Cross that is known as the Great Rift. If you have binoculars, observe some of the binocular objects indicated below and/or use it to explore the Milky Way Band and its many clumps of stars.
Objects marked with are best with binoculars, or a small telescope, because these objects are large in size.
Clusters, Nebulae & Galaxies
Double Cluster. Two side-by-side clusters. Distances: 7,200 ly, Mag 3.5 , 320 stars total. Best in a telescope.
IC4665. A cluster of 30 stars that is best in binoculars. It spans an area larger than the Moon. In OPHIUCHUS.
M15. Globular Cluster. Distance: 34,000 ly, Mag 6.2.
M11. Wild Duck Cluster. Distance: 5,600 ly, Mag 5.8, 200 stars.
M13. Favourite Globular Cluster. Distance: 21,000 ly, Mag 5.8.
M34. Large Cluster. Distance: 1,400 ly, Mag 5.2, Try with binoculars, too.
M57. Ring Nebula. Planetary Nebula that looks like a smoke ring. Smaller than what you might think. Estimated to be 1 ly in diameter and 2,000 ly away. Mag 9.
Meteor Showers 2019 Sky Chart
DRACONIDS. Peaks around October 8 with 5 meteors/hour.
ORIONIDS. Peaks around October 21 with 20 meteors/hour.